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BMES-821 Human Anatomy and Physiology
Campus SMME
Programs PG
Session Fall Semester 2016
Course Title Human Anatomy and Physiology
Course Code BMES-821
Credit Hours 3-0
Course Objectives Human Physiology and Anatomy is a laboratory based course that investigates the structure and function of the human body. Students will engage in many topics and competencies related to truly understanding the structure and function of the human body. The main part of the course is dedicated to the most important systems of organs (respiration, heart and circulation, nervous system, digestion, secretion, skeleton and muscles, immune system, reproductive system and sensory organs)
Detail Content A Major part of the course must be focused on human physiology.

The Cell structure and General Physiology.Functional organization of human body and control of the internal environment.Cell and its function, protein synthesis and cell reproduction.Metabolism of carbohydrates and formation of ATP. Lipid and Protein Metabolism, transport through Cell membrane.

Human anatomy and physiology from a system's view point:
Quantitative issues at the organ and whole body levels of:
  • Cardiovascular
  • Respiratory
  • Renal
  • Digestive systems.
Nerve and Muscle: Membrane potential, Action potential, Excitation and Rhythmicity. Contraction of Skeletal and cardiac muscles, sliding filament Mechanism, Heart as a pump.

Sensory Systems: Sensory Receptors: Classification and basic mechanism of action.

Special Senses: Eye, receptor function of the retina, Neurophysiology of Vision.

Sound: Structure and functions of the auditory systems.

Nervous System: Organization of Nervous System, Basic functions of synapses; Neuronal Mechanism and circuits for processing information.

Motor Functions: Spinal cord and the cord reflexes; the cerebral cortex and intellectual functions of the Brain. Motor function of the Brain stem.Vestibular control of postural reflexes, Cerebrum and basal ganglia.

Behavioral functions of the Brain: Limbic System, role of the Hypothalamus, and control of the vegetative functions of the body; the Autonomic nervous system; the Adrenal Medulla, the neural and neuroendocrine control of the circulation, Electrical Activity from Brain.

Endocrinology and Reproduction: Introduction to Endocrinology and the pituitary Hormones; Hormonal functions in male and female.
Text/Ref Books Arthur C. Guyton, John E. Hall: Textbook of Medical Physiology. Amsterdam: Elsevier

William H. Howell: A Textbook Of Physiology For Medical Students And Physicians V2. Whitefish: Kessinger

Drake, R., Wayne Vogl, A., Mitchell, A.: Gray's Anatomy for students. Churchill LivingstoneTortora/ Grabowski: Principles of Anatomy and Physiology; John Wiley & sons, inc.
Time Schedule Fall Semester 2014
Faculty/Resource Person Dr. Nosheen Fatima PhD (France)
Discipline: Biomedical Sciences
Specialization: Biochemistry and Biogenetics
Dr. Omer Gilani PhD (Singapore)
Discipline: Biomedical Engineering
Specialization: Bioinstrumentation and Vision systems