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BMES 840 Biomechanics
Campus SMME
Programs PG
Session Summer Semester 2016
Course Title Biomechanics
Course Code BMES 840
Credit Hours 3-0
Course Objectives The course objective is to (1) describe the various elements comprising a computational model of the human neuromusculoskeletal system; (2) formulate and solve differential equations that govern the motion of rigid-body (link-segmental) dynamical systems; (3) describe the mechanical properties of various soft tissues, especially muscle, ligament, and tendon; (4) formulate and solve differential equations that incorporate the major physiological properties of muscle, ligament, and tendon; (5) formulate simple, integrative models of the human neuromusculoskeletal system; and (6) use computational models of the human body to study movement.
Detail Content
  • key mechanical concepts, basic units, nine fundamentals of biomechanics
  • Anatomical decommention and its limitation, review of anatomical concepts, gross (whole body) modeling, directional terms, position and direction terminology, joint motions, terminology of common movements
  • Skeletal anatomy, major joints, major muscle groups, review of muscle structure, muscle actions, active and passive tension of muscles, Hill-Muscle model
  • Dynamics of (planar) segmental systems: Degrees of freedom , Free-body diagrams, Force and moment equilibrium, Equations of motion, Muscle moment arms , Numerical integration of equations of motion , Computational examples,
  • Mechanical properties of soft tissue Muscle Tendon and ligament
  • Muscle modeling : Hill-type models and Computational examples, Equations for Musculotendon dynamics
  • Muscle Activation Dynamics: Excitation-contraction dynamics, First-order model for activation dynamics, Analysis of Biomechanical Systems , Inverse Dynamics , Forward Dynamics
  • Determining Muscle Forces: Indeterminate problem in biomechanics, Static optimization method, Dynamic optimization method.
  • Material properties of bone & cross‐sectional properties. The mechanics of Joints.
  • Measuring techniques of force, pressure, acceleration, strain.
Text/Ref Books
  • Biomechanics of the Musculoskeletal System. Edited by B. Nigg and W. Herzog, Second Edition, Wiley 1999.
  • Pandy MG, Barr RE. Biomechanics of the Musculoskeletal System, To appear in Handbook of Biomedical Engineering, McGraw-Hill, 2002.
  • Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton
Time Schedule Summer Semester 2014
Faculty/Resource Person Dr. Murtaza Najabat Ali PhD (United Kingdom)
Discipline: Biomedical Engineering
Specialization: Bioprosthesis and Biomaterials
Dr. Umar Ansari PhD (Australia)
Discipline: Biomedical Engineering
Specialization: Biomechanics and Bioinstrumentation